Published on September 6th, 2012 | by No Artificial
Want To Know Your Personality?
Your physical appearance can broadcast hints about your personality trait.
The study of personality began many years ago, when pioneering psychologists working in the 1920s and 1930s became encouraged by biology’s classification systems and set out to summarize the personality characteristics. They started their research by encoding the vocabulary for all the terms that could describe some aspect of a person’s character, creating a list of several thousand words and phrases. After many years of scientific debate over which items, and how many of them, were needed to capture the crucial aspects of personality, most modern psychologists refers to psychologist Lewis Goldberg (1981) ‘s “The Big Five” theory.
“The Big Five”
“The Big Five” model contain important dimensions of personality using five basic traits: extroversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness and openness. These five traits have been shown to be separate of one another and to remain stable throughout most of life.
People differ in extroversion: extroverts are dynamic, gregarious, friendly, self-confident and outgoing, whereas introverts are distant, shy, aloof sensitive, antisocial reserved.
Neuroticism refers to a individual’s tendency to be depressed, anxious and generally emotionally insecure. They may have trouble controlling urges and delaying gratification.
A third trait is agreeableness, which describes whether a person is empathetic, pleasant, helpful and trusting of others, as opposed to rude, arrogant and individualistic.
Conscientious people like the appearance of orderliness and tidiness. They are methodical, self-controlled, and willing to establish desired goals and work toward achieving them. Individuals who are low on conscientiousness are not necessarily lazy or immoral, but they tend to be impulsive and disorganized.
Finally, we can also differ in openness. Openness involves active imagination, aesthetic sensitivity, preference for variety, and intellectual curiosity. People high in openness tend to have more liberal political views, they like novel, challenging ideas, experiences and feelings, whereas those who are low in openness tend to be more conservative and they are considered to be closed to new experiences.
Physical Appearance Reveals Personality Traits
A 2009 study, undertaken by Laura P. Naumann from the University of California, suggests that the physical appearance of a person is the guide of his mind, an outline of his persona revealing his personality traits.
Dr. Naumann and her collaborators asked study participants to judge the characteristics of a person, such as personality, emotional stability, political affiliation or religiosity, by looking at his photographs. The scientists found that the observers accurately predicted features such as self-esteem, ratings of extroversion and religious bent from the physical appearance.
As the researchers predicted, physical appearance serves as a channel through which personality is manifested and may play a more important role in personality judgment than had previously been thought.
Dr. Laura Naumann stated, “In an age dominated by social media where personal photographs are ubiquitous, it becomes important to understand the ways personality is communicated via our appearance. The appearance one portrays in his or her photographs has important implications for their professional and social life”
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin